Automotive Lithium Batteries

Automotive Lithium Batteries

The fundamental difference between a conventional heat engine, like the motor in your car, and the latest thermal cars, like hybrids, plug-in electric cars, and fully electric vehicles are the processes used to transform stored energy into kinetic energy. Traditionally, energy is stored in chemical form in a vehicle’s starter battery and gas tank, then released through chemical reactions as a spark inside the engine ignites the fuel to release energy through combustion. Since electric cars store energy in batteries made from rare earth elements like lithium, nickel, cobalt, or graphite, reducing the transportation industry’s impact on the environment will depend heavily on improving mining practices and developing alternative sources of electricity to charge automotive lithium batteries.

Along with providing an eco-friendly line of E3 Lithium batteries, our focus remains on improving sustainability through the recycling, recapturing, and reusing automotive products that produce the spark, including:

Combustion engine vehicle – Vehicles with combustion engines have long relied on fossil fuel and a lead acid battery to ignite and produce power. Unlike the original flooded lead acid battery, both sealed lead acid (SLA) and valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) batteries are designed with low over-voltage potential to prohibit the battery from reaching its gas-generating potential during charging.
Hybrid electric vehicle - HEV batteries need a larger capacity to achieve reasonable speed and range. Because these batteries are physically very large, they need custom packaging design to fit properly. Likewise, the design layout and weight distribution of the battery pack must be properly integrated with the chassis dynamics.
Plug in hybrid vehicle - PHEV batteries need to operate part of the time as an EV in the charge depletion mode and part of the time as an HEV in charge maintenance mode. The PHEV battery requirements must therefore be a compromise between energy storage and power delivery.
All electric vehicle - EV batteries must be large capacity to achieve reasonable speed and range. Because these batteries are physically very large and heavy, they need custom packaging to fit into each vehicle’s available space. Likewise, the design layout and weight distribution of the battery pack must be integrated with the chassis design so as not to upset the vehicle with changes in weight distribution.

Under normal use, electric vehicles don't overheat. While HEV, PHEV, and EV motors often have a coolant jacket to manage excess heat, it rarely gets warmer than a cup of coffee, which is much less heat than that released by a traditional combustion engine.

Nonetheless, it is important to keep batteries at the right operating temperature to optimize charge and discharge functions. As you can see, comparisons between electric vehicles and conventional vehicles are complex. However, as the world decarbonizes electricity generation to meet climate guidelines, battery manufacturing and vehicle operating emission levels for newer electric vehicles will also be reduced. At E3 Spark Plugs, we are committed to the same founding principles of energy, efficiency, and ecology that led to our DiamondFire line of environmentally friendly ignition products.

E3 Lithium Batteries offer outstanding cycle life, high charge acceptance, and up to an 80% weight reduction over lead-acid batteries in addition to outstanding cranking power unmatched in the industry.